Forests in Asian Country

Bangladeshi Forest List
The Sundarbans – angiospermous tree Forests
In the south western a part of Asian country lies the biggest single block of periodic event halo- purgative angiospermous tree forest within the world – The Sundarbans – The land of the Royel Panthera tigris.

This angiospermous tree of serene natural beauty with peach and tranquillity is one amongst the globe heritage web site within the country.
It is a cluster of islands densely wooded and crisscross by many winding streams creeks rive and estuaries. it’s one amongst the richest repository of diversity with 330 species of angiospermous tree plants, 424 species of wildlife’s together with 315 species of birds.
It is a natural home ground if noticed expensive, crocodiles, wild boar, lizards, monkeys, pythons , kind cobras and in fact noble Royal Panthera tigris. This heavily wooded miry land is that the last robust hold of quite four hundred Royal geographic region Tigers. The life kind of the wood cutters, peregrine fishermen and therefore the daring honey collectors have enhance the charm of this distinctive beauty.
1) Hiron purpose (Nilkamal) for tiger, monkey, deer, birds, crocodiles and natural beauty.
2) Katka for cervid, tiger, sorts of birds and monkey, crocodiles, morning and evening symphony of untamed fowls. Brobdingnagian expanse of grasslike meadows running from Katka to Kachikhali (Tiger Point) give opportunities for wild pursuit.
3) Tin Kona Island for tiger and cervid.
4) Dublar Char (Island) for fishermen. it’s a fine looking island wherever herds of noticed cervid ar usually seen to graze.
5) Karamjal angiospermous tree facility, read Dolphin jumping, cervid and crocodilian rearing station
6) Kachikhali for Virgin beach Night canoeing cervid, Crocodiles, Monkeys and Monitor lizards
7) Mandarbaria for Turtle breeding spot, Dolphins, King Crabs and diverse species of crabs
1. The Royal Panthera tigris (our national Pride)
Tigers ar terribly fierce animal. There ar many sorts of tiger. The Royal Panthera tigris is that the known kind. It’s coat features a ground color of chromatic yellow. There ar black stripes on the body and limbs. It’s tail is additionally ringed with black color.
These Royal {bengal|Bengal|geographical ara|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region} Tigers are found within the Sunderbans in Asian country. These tigers ar smart swimmers. they’ll additionally climb trees if required. they like to bunt at midnight.
But they additionally prowl regarding within the day light-weight. They kill and eat wild pigs, goats and cows. In short , the {bengal|Bengal|geographical ara|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region} Tigers are our national pride.
Royal geographic region Tiger: (Panthera Tigris)
1) Their linear unit is regarding one.8 to 2.8 meters (without tail)
2) Weight of females is 115-185 kilogram and males is 180-280 kilogram
3) The pattern of every individual is exclusive
4) Their short and stiff fur is bright fawn to blood-red tan, shading to white beneath
5) they like noticed dears, monkeys and wild pigs For food
6) The Tiger drags kill to a secure place to eat
7) At a time, they will eat up to twenty kilogram so go while not intake for days
8) Tigers ar solitary predators and shortly when sexual activity the male tigers leave the feminine World Health Organization fends for the cubs herself
9) The white ear spots modify mothers and cubs to stay track of every different within the dim forests at midnight
10) A Panthera tigris usually delivers 2-4 cubs Resting Tigers pay most of their time within the ritual of grooming with their rough tongues.
2. Tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
Tropical evergreen and semi evergreen forests ar extended over city, Cox’s Bazar, city Hill Tracts and Sylhet totalling a vicinity of half dozen,70,000 square measure that is four.54% of total ground of the country and a quarter mile of national forest land.
Depending on topography, soil and climate these space ar classified as i) Tropical wet evergreen forests and ii) Tropical semi-evergreen forests.
The hill forests ar well endowed with varied plant in addition as animal species. Some necessary flora ar Garjan (Dipterocarpus spp.), Chapalish (Artocarpus chaplasha), Telsur (Hopea odorata), Tali (Palaquium polyanthrum), Kamdeb (Callophyllum polyanthum), Uriam (Mangifera sylvatica), Jarul (Legarstromia speciosa), Civit (Swintonia floribunda), Toon (Cedrela toona), Bandorhola (Duabanga grandiflora) etc. what is more there ar bamboo, cane, climbers and pteridophyte etc. in these forests.
These forests ar brought underneath plantation programme since 1871. At present, plantation activities ar being conducted underneath development comes. Some valuable plantation species ar Teak (Tectona grandis), Gamar (Gmelina arborea), Mehogani (Swietenia spp), Chapalish (Artocarpus chaplasha), Jarul (Legarstromia speciosa), Koroi (Albizzia spp), Chikrassi (Chikrassia tabularis), Pynkado (Xylia dolabriformis), Kadam (Anthocephalus cadamba), Telsur (Hopea odorata) etc.
he latest forest inventory shows that a complete of twenty three,93 million cubic metre forest produces ar on the market there.

Among the mammals Elephant (Elephas maximus), monkey (Macaca mulatta), swine (Sus scrofa), deer
(Muntiacus muntjak), Samvar (Cervus unicolor), and Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus). Among the reptiles cobra (Ophiophagus hanna) varan (Varanus salvator) and {bengal|Bengal|geographical ara|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region} varan (Varanus bengalensis) are outstanding.
3. Tropical wet deciduous Forests
The Central and northern districts covering a vicinity of one,20,000 hour angle regarding zero.81% of total land mass of the country and seven.8% of the country’s forest land ar given with Tropical wet Deciduous Forests. This forest is mixed with the neighbour settlements and fragmented into smaller patches.
Sal (Shorea robusta) is that the main species there with different associates like Koroi (Albizzia procera), Azuli (Dillenia pentagyna), Sonalu (Cassia fistula), Bohera (Terminalia belerica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Kanchan (Bauhinia acuminata), Jarul (Lagerstroemia speciosa), Jam (Syzygium spp) etc.
A recent forest inventory encountered that three.75 million cubic metre wood on the market within the sal forests.
Presently democratic biological science programme ar being enforced here underneath the social biological science initiatives. Among the mammals, Jackel ( canid ), Monkey (Macaca mulatta ), Wild cat ( Felis chaus ) etc. ar found there and among the reptiles {bengal|Bengal|geographical ara|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region} varan ( reptile genus bengalensis ) and customary elapid snake are outstanding.
4. Village Forests
Tree coverage within the village forests ar two,70,000 square measure that acts because the supply of a stimulating portion of national demand of forest produces. the newest inventory exhibits that a complete of fifty four.7 million copper m forest produces ar on the market during this village forests.
16 notified Protected Areas of the Country
A NATIONAL PARKS Location Area (ha.) Established
1 Bhawal National Park Gazipur 5,022 1974/1982
2 Modhupur National Park Tangail/Mymensingh 8,436 1962/1982
3 Ramsagar National Park Dinajpur 27.75 2001
4 Himchari National Park Cox’ Bazar 1,729 1980
5 Lawachara National Park Moulavibazar 1,250 1996

6 Kaptai National Park Chittagong Hill Tracts 5,464 1999
7 Nijhum Dweep National Park Noakhali 16352.23 2001
8 Medha Kassapia National Park Cox’s Bazar 395.92 2004
9 Satchari National Park Hobigonj 242.91 2005

B WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES Location Area (ha.) Established
10 Rema-Kelenga life Sanctuary Hobigonj 1795.54 1996
11 Char Kukri-Mukri life Sanctuary Bhola 40 1981
12 Sundarban (East) life Sanctuary Bagerhat 31226.94 1960/1996
13 Sundarban (West) life Sanctuary Satkhira 71502.10 1996
14 Sundarban (South) life Sanctuary Khulna 36970.45 1996
15 Pablakhali life Sanctuary Chittagong Hill Tracts 42087 1962/1983
16 Chunati life Sanctuary Chittagong 7761 1986

GAME RESERVE Location space (ha.) Established
C 17 Teknaf Game Reserve Cox’s Bazar 11615 1983

Other Conservation Sites
D Name Location Area (ha.) Established
1 National biological science Garden Dhaka 84.21 1961
2 Baldha Garden Dhaka 1.37 1909
3 Madhabkunda Eco-Park Moulavibazar 265.68 2001
4 Sitakunda facility and Eco-park Chittagong 808 1998
5 Dulahazara expedition Parks Cox’s Bazar 600 1999

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